Outdoor Wilderness Safety & Survival



Physical survival meets spiritual survival.

  Learn to Master any Disaster!




Adirondack Bushmaster is dedicated to teaching simple practical wilderness safety, and survival skills.

Our motto is:
Learn how to survive so you can stay alive!

Safety tips for your wilderness trips!

Adirondack Bushmaster also tests the practicality, and durability of wilderness gear.





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Introduction


Before you even leave home make sure you have a plan, be prepared, take a friend, tell a family member or friend where you're going, and when you plan to return.
These few simple steps can help save your life, and prevent allot of unneeded hassle for everyone.

If you find yourself in an emergency survival situation...
  First assess your situation, figure out what are your priorities,
There are three main priorities, its gonna be either shelter, fire, or water.
You need to figure out which one comes first.

If you're in a winter situation fire, and shelter are your main priorities. If you find yourself in a desert or in hot climate, water becomes your main priority.
We'll go into more detail about this in a little while.
First lets understand what survival is and then we'll learn how to apply it.

Here is a good definition of survival according to dictionary.com

sur·viv·al
[ser-vahy-vuhl]
noun
1.
the act or fact of surviving, especially under adverse or unusual circumstances.
2.
a person or thing that survives or endures, especially an ancient custom, observance, belief, or the like.
3.
Anthropology . (no longer in technical use) the persistence of a cultural trait, practice, or the like long after it has lost its original meaning or usefulness.
adjective
4.
of, pertaining to, or for use in surviving, especially under adverse or unusual circumstances: survival techniques.
Origin:
1590–1600; survive



So we can say that survival is basically about one who overcomes adverse or unusual circumstances.


SURVIVAL ACRONYM

S
size up the situation
U use all your senses, undue haste makes waste
R
remember where you are
V
vanquish fear, and panic
I
improvise
V
value living
A
act like the natives
L live by your wits, But for now, learn the basics skills


STOP ACRONYM

S
Stop, Stay put, relax & breath
T
Think, how can others find me
O
Observe, injuries & what to do
P
Pray & Plan, make fire & shelter


Learn how to survival so you can stay alive!


State of Mind

Shelter

Water

Cutting tools

Combustion Devices

Cover

Container

Cordage

Compass

Cargo

Combination Tool

Candle or Light

Cloth Bandana

Emergency Kit / Bug Out Bag

First Aid Kit

Survival Kit


State of Mind

The most important tool we all have is our brain. While it is often overlooked it is the key to creating our ingenuity.
State of mind is about being as mentally prepared as possible.
Survival is the ability to overcome mental, as well as physical obstacles that are in our way.

Safety tips for your wilderness trips!

When you go camping in the wilderness do your very best to not get lost, hurt, or come up short with useful supplies.
We'll show you how to accomplish this.

1. If you have the luxury it is highly recommend that you explore the area that you are considering to camping in.

2. You don't want to be camped out on a game trail because you don't wanna become targets for bears
Mountain Lion / Cougar / Cata Mount or Panthers or where wolves or coyotes.
Just because it maybe a deer tail doesn't mean it's always safe, because big game predators will utilize these same trails, especially to follow deer.
Stay off these trails, and out of their way at all cost!

3. consider the weather where you are.
If it's hot out seek a shaded area.
If it's cold out try to be where you get the most sun, but are sheltered from the wind.
Be careful not to make a shelter under huge trees, as these can become what's know as widow makers.
Strong winds can snap a tree or trees causes them to fall on you.

4. Find a source of water.
This is a necessity, especially in hot climates.


There are two very important things to consider when you find that you're lost, and in a survival situation.
If you become stranded in the wilderness here are the first steps you need to remember.
This is simple info, and it could help save your life in an emergence.

(If your in a winter situation shelter becomes your first priority, then water)
The reason is because you're far more likely to die of exposure due to hypothermia than of dehydration.
Find or make a shelter.

(If your in a desert or hot climate, water becomes your priority first, then shelter)
The reason is because you're far more likely to die of dehydration.
Find water.

Shelter:
If you have a portable shelter such as a tent the next thing to do is find fresh water.
If you do not have tent.
You can build a small A frame pup tent, or a teepee with dead tree limbs.
You can even make a small lean-to
Perhaps a cave or an over hang can be found & utilized.

An A frame can be made with one main branch, or a downed tree, and it will have one end on the ground with allot of tree branches, and leaves on each side.

Two helpful links at the bottom of this page will provide you with much detail on how to build emergency shelters, and much more!

Water:
If you have water with you chances are it won't be enough if your in a survival situation.
Always boil water for about ten or fifteen minutes to help purify it before drinking it.
You can also use water purification tablets to clean the water.
This will eliminate the germs, and bacteria that would be unsafe for drinking.


If you should find a small stream, follow it as it might lead you to a brook, or river and then follow it down, and chances are it will lead you to civilization.

Cutting tools


We highly recommend caring a large fixed blade belt sheathed knife, and a multi-tool.


Knives:
Rather we are camping or hiking we always carry a large fixed blade knife.
We do not find it wise to enter the woods without one as it comes in handy in many ways.
1. You can chop small trees down to make a shelter.
2. You can chop small trees down, baton, and whittle wood to make a fire.
 3.  You can use it to process food.
4. You can use it to dig, if you have to, to make a fire pit, or traps.
5. You can attach it to a long piece of wood, and make a spear to catch game or for protection.
6. It can be used for defense.

Multi-Tool

This is something that should fit right in your pocket.
What used to be really popular was the Swiss Army knife because it had many different tools on it.

The safer more durable, and useful muti-tool would be the Leatherman.
We prefer the Leatherman Wave, it's small with many features.

Combustion Devices

We highly recommend that you carry two different fire starting devices with you, just in case one fails you, or one gets lost.

Ferrocerium Rod, Fire Dust, Fire Piston, Flint, and or Water Proof Matches.
What also works best, and is very accessible, and cheap is having alcohol on hand to dip cotton balls in.
  Vaseline spread in a cotton ball that has been pulled open works well, and unlike the alcohol it doesn't need to be re-soaked.

Cover

Tarp, plastic sheet rolls, large garbage bag, or even an emergency blanket can be used to cover to help make a shelter.

Container for Water

We highly recommend that you use a stainless steel canteen so you can not only carry your water but also boil water when you need to refill your canteen.

Cordage

Paracord is the best thing to have on hand to tie things together, like a shelter.
It's about the size of heavy string, however it has 7 different strains of string inside of it, which can be used for smaller tasks, such as snares, and fishing line.

Compass

A compass is a very important tool to help get your bearings, which can help you navigate your way to safety.

Cargo

A back pack makes carrying all your gear much easier.

Combination Tool

Multi-Tool

We highly recommend the famous Leatherman Wave, as it's tried, and true!
This is something that should fit right in your pocket.
What used to be really popular was the swiss army knife because it had many different tools on it.

The safer more durable, and useful muti-tool would be the Leatherman.
We prefer the Leatherman Wave, it's small with many features.

Candle or Light

Candles are always good to have on hand in any emergency situation especially if they are made from a 100 percent beeswax.

Flashlights that don't use batteries are a great source of  of endless lighting.
Flashlights are now made to shake or squeeze to produce power.

Flashlights that do use batteries you will of course need to carry extra batteries for them.
A three cell mag light shines far enough away to give you extra time to see danger.
However considering the weight it is not likely that a hiker, backpacker would want to carry such heft.
A camper or a person or family that's in a brimstone hits the fan situation might want one on hand.
Glow Sticks, at least a half a dozen.

Radios that are hand crank & solar charged that do not need batteries.
Red Cross makes some good ones that can be purchased in Wal-Mart now.
They have built in flashlights.

Cloth Bandana

The Cloth or bandana has many uses.

1. It can be used for filtering water.
2. It can be used a a medical wrap to stop bleeding.
3. It can be dipped in the coldest water possible, and then wrapped around the neck the carotid arteries to prevent heat stroke.
By doing this it cools the blood which cools the body.
4. It can be boiled in water, and used the same way to warm someone up by wrapping it around someones carotid arteries.
By doing this it warms the blood which warms the body.

Emergency Kit / Bug out bag

A good Emergency Kit should have emergency blankets, wool blankets, and or sleeping bags for everyone in the family.
It should also have non perishable, water, as well as some food.
Should be in a duffel bag or a plastic container.
It should always be ready to grab, and go.


1. Clothes
A weeks worth of extra clothes for everyone in your family, including proper clothing for the season.

2. Bug out Location
You should always have a place in mind of where to go when you need to retreat.

3. Lights
Candles are always good to have on hand in any emergency situation especially if they are made from a 100 percent beeswax.

Flashlights that don't use batteries are a great source of  of endless lighting.
Flashlights are now made to shake or squeeze to produce power.

Flashlights that do use batteries you will of course need to carry extra batteries for them.
A three cell mag light shines far enough away to give you extra time to see danger.
However considering the weight it is not likely that a hiker, backpacker would want to carry such heft.
A camper or a person or family that's in a brimstone hits the fan situation situation might want one on hand.
Glow Sticks, at least a half a dozen.

Radios that are hand crank & solar charged that do not need batteries.
Red Cross makes some good ones that can be purchased in Wal-Mart now.
They have built in flashlights.

4. Survival Kit
At least two fire starting devices,

One large belt knife & one small pocket knife

A small multi-tool, with a small blade.

An emergency kit

Solar blankets which can be purchased at Wal-Mart or K-Mart of about 2 dollars a piece.
They maintain your body heat, and are very useful where the weather gets cold.
Wool blankets are a great way to stay warm as they keep the body heat in even when they are wet.

A small signaling mirror


5. First Aid Kit
A First Aid kit can be purchased at Wal-Mart or Rite Aid for about 20 bucks. Learn how to use it, learn first aid!

6. Water Purification system
Be prepared to boil water for at least 5 minutes, it is the best way to purify water.
By doing this it also helps save your iodine or chlorine water purification tablets.
If you use either iodine, or water purification tablets you need to make sure you know the ratio for per tablet per liter.

       Two drops chlorine per quart (double if water is cloudy) let it set for 30 minutes.
      Five drops iodine per quart (double if water is cloudy) let it set for 30 minutes.

7. Currency
Extra Cash on hand, and or travelers checks.
Debit / Credit Cards may your may not be able to be used depending on the situation.
If the power is out Debit / Credit Cards wont you do any good.





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